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What Is “U equals U”?

When a person living with HIV is taking HIV medication, the virus will be suppressed to the point where there is not enough HIV in their blood for a test to measure. This is called an Undetectable Viral Load (UVL). When a person is living with an Undetectable Viral Load, they will experience greatly improved health outcomes and cannot transmit HIV to a partner who is HIV-negative. 

HIV positive people, health and community organisations often talk about this ground-breaking news using the simple phrase “Undetectable Equals Untransmissible” or U=U. 

  • U=U means a person living with HIV who has an undetectable viral load cannot pass on HIV to their sexual partners.
  • U=U has been confirmed by all the available research on the topic over the past 10 years. 
  • U= U has been endorsed throughout the world by public health and scientific bodies in the HIV field. In Australia it has been endorsed by the Australasian Society for HIV, Viral Hepatitis and Sexual Health Medicine (ASHM), the Australian Federation of AIDS Organisation (AFAO), and the National Association of People Living With HIV Australia (NAPWHA). Meridian has also endorsed this position. 

For more information about U=U, visit Undetectable = Untransmittable: A guide for clinicians 

For HIV Positive People:

The implications of U=U are highly significant. For many years, being HIV positive has carried stigma, mainly because the person with HIV being was perceived as a risk to others. Understanding U=U can greatly reduce anxiety about HIV transmission. It can empower people with HIV to be comfortable and confident to pursue a fulfilling sex life and secure relationships. Find out more: The Institute of Many 


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By developing a Reconciliation Action Plan, we hope to clearly identify actions and realistic targets detailing steps and priorities that advise on the rights, health and dignity of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people who are impacted by HIV or at risk of HIV.

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